## Prof. Dr. Lynn Heller

### Project leader

**Professor**

BIMSA - Yanqi Lake Beijing Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Applications

E-mail: jing.yang.heller(at)googlemail.com

Homepage: https://www.bimsa.cn/newsinfo/748728.htm…

## Project

**56**Large genus limit of energy minimizing compact minimal surfaces in the 3-sphere
**16**Minimizer of the Willmore energy with prescribed rectangular conformal class

## Publications within SPP2026

The Lawson surfaces $\xi_{1,g}$ of genus $g$ are constructed by rotating and reflecting the Plateau solution $f_t$ with respect to a particular geodesic $4$-gon $\Gamma_t$ along its boundary, where $t= \tfrac{1}{2g+2}$ is an angle of $\Gamma_t$. In this paper we combine the existence and regularity of the Plateau solution $f_t$ in $t \in (0, \tfrac{1}{4})$ with topological information about the moduli space of Fuchsian systems on the 4-puncture sphere to obtain existence of a Fuchsian DPW potential $\eta_t$ for every $f_t$ with $t\in(0, \tfrac{1}{4}]$. Moreover, the coefficients of $\eta_t$ are shown to depend real analytically on $t$. This implies that the Taylor approximation of the DPW potential $\eta_t$ and of the area obtained at $t=0$ found in \cite{HHT2} determines these quantities for all $\xi_{1,g}$. In particular, this leads to an algorithm to conformally parametrize all Lawson surfaces $\xi_{1,g}$.

**Related project(s):****55**New hyperkähler spaces from the the self-duality equations**56**Large genus limit of energy minimizing compact minimal surfaces in the 3-sphere

We prove the existence of a pair $(\Sigma ,\, \Gamma)$, where $\Sigma$ is a compact Riemann surface with $\text{genus}(\Sigma)\, \geq\, 2$, and $\Gamma\, \subset\, {\rm SL}(2, \C)$ is a cocompact lattice, such that there is a generically injective holomorphic map $\Sigma \, \longrightarrow\, {\rm SL}(2, \C)/\Gamma$. This gives an affirmative answer to a question raised by Huckleberry and Winkelmann \cite{HW} and by Ghys \cite{Gh}.

**Related project(s):****55**New hyperkähler spaces from the the self-duality equations**56**Large genus limit of energy minimizing compact minimal surfaces in the 3-sphere

For every $g \gg 1$, we show the existence of a complete and smooth family of closed constant mean curvature surfaces $f_\varphi^g,$ $ \varphi \in [0, \tfrac{\pi}{2}],$ in the round $3$-sphere deforming the Lawson surface $\xi_{1, g}$ to a doubly covered geodesic 2-sphere with monotonically increasing Willmore energy. To do so we use an implicit function theorem argument in the parameter $s= \tfrac{1}{2(g+1)}$. This allows us to give an iterative algorithm to compute the power series expansion of the DPW potential and area of $f_\varphi^g$ at $s= 0$ explicitly. In particular, we obtain for large genus Lawson surfaces $\xi_{1,g}$, due to the real analytic dependence of its area and DPW potential on $s,$ a scheme to explicitly compute the coefficients of the power series in $s$ in terms of multilogarithms. Remarkably, the third order coefficient of the area expansion coincides numerically with $\tfrac{9}{4}\zeta(3),$ where $\zeta$ is the Riemann $\zeta$ function (while the first and second order term were shown to be $\log(2)$ and $0$ respectively in \cite{HHT}).

**Related project(s):****55**New hyperkähler spaces from the the self-duality equations**56**Large genus limit of energy minimizing compact minimal surfaces in the 3-sphere

For every integer $g \,\geq\, 2$ we show the existence of a compact Riemann surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$ such that the rank two trivial holomorphic vector bundle ${\mathcal O}^{\oplus 2}_{\Sigma}$ admits holomorphic connections with $\text{SL}(2,{\mathbb R})$ monodromy and maximal Euler class. Such a monodromy representation is known to coincide with the Fuchsian uniformizing representation for some Riemann surface of genus $g$. This also answers a question of \cite{CDHL}. The construction carries over to all very stable and compatible real holomorphic structures over the topologically trivial rank two bundle on $\Sigma$, and gives the existence of holomorphic connections with Fuchsian monodromy in these cases as well.

**Related project(s):****55**New hyperkähler spaces from the the self-duality equations**56**Large genus limit of energy minimizing compact minimal surfaces in the 3-sphere

Starting at a saddle tower surface, we give a new existence proof of the Lawson surfaces ξm,k of high genus by deforming the corresponding DPW potential. As a byproduct, we obtain for fixed m estimates on the area of ξm,k in terms of their genus g=mk≫1.

Pages | 31 |

Link to preprint version |

**Related project(s):****16**Minimizer of the Willmore energy with prescribed rectangular conformal class

We show that the homogeneous and the 2-lobe Delaunay tori in the 3-sphere provide the only isothermic constrained Willmore tori in 3-space with Willmore energy below 8π. In particular, every constrained Willmore torus with Willmore energy below 8π and non-rectangular conformal class is non-degenerated.

Pages | 19 |

Link to preprint version |

**Related project(s):****16**Minimizer of the Willmore energy with prescribed rectangular conformal class

We show that the of 2-lobed Delaunay tori are stable as constrained Willmore surfaces in the 3-sphere.

Pages | 14 |

Link to preprint version |

**Related project(s):****16**Minimizer of the Willmore energy with prescribed rectangular conformal class