## Publications of SPP2026

On this site you find preprints and publications produced within the projects and with the support of the DFG priority programme „Geometry at Infinity“.

Every finite collection of oriented closed geodesics in the modular surface has a canonically associated link in its unit tangent bundle coming from the periodic orbits of the geodesic flow. We study the volume of the associated link complement with respect to its unique complete hyperbolic metric. We provide the first lower volume bound that is linear in terms of the number of distinct exponents in the code words corresponding to the collection of closed geodesics.

**Related project(s):****38**Geometry of surface homeomorphism groups

In this paper, by using smooth approximation, we give a new proof of Donaldson's existence conjecture that there exist conical Kähler-Einstein metrics with positive Ricci curvatures on Fano manifolds.

Journal | Communications in Analysis and Geometry |

Link to preprint version |

**Related project(s):****31**Solutions to Ricci flow whose scalar curvature is bounded in Lp.**75**Solutions to Ricci flow whose scalar curvature is bounded in L^p II

We prove that the minimal representation dimension of a direct product *G* of non-abelian groups *G*1,…,*G**n* is bounded below by *n*+1 and thereby answer a question of Abért. If each *G**i* is moreover non-solvable, then this lower bound can be improved to be 2*n*. By combining this with results of Pyber, Segal, and Shusterman on the structure of boundedly generated groups we show that branch groups cannot be boundedly generated.

Journal | Arch. Math. |

Volume | 120 |

Link to preprint version | |

Link to published version |

**Related project(s):****58**Profinite perspectives on l2-cohomology

We introduce the notion of a telescope of groups. Very roughly a telescope is a directed system of groups that contains various commuting images of some fixed group *B*. Telescopes are inspired from the theory of groups acting on rooted trees. Imitating known constructions of branch groups, we obtain a number of examples of *B*-telescopes and discuss several applications. We give examples of 2-generated infinite amenable simple groups. We show that every finitely generated residually finite (amenable) group embeds into a finitely generated (amenable) LEF simple group. We construct 2-generated frames in products of finite simple groups and show that there are Grothendieck pairs consisting of amenable groups and groups with property (*τ*). We give examples of automorphisms of finitely generated, residually finite, amenable groups that are not inner, but become inner in the profinite completion. We describe non-elementary amenable examples of finitely generated, residually finite groups all of whose finitely generated subnormal subgroups are direct factors.

**Related project(s):****58**Profinite perspectives on l2-cohomology

We show that Ricci flow does not preserve a range of curvature conditions that interpolate between positive sectional and positive scalar curvature.

**Related project(s):****79**Alexandrov geometry in the light of symmetry and topology

We prove an analogue of Kostant's convexity theorem for split real and complex Kac-Moody groups associated to free and cofree root data. The result can be seen as a first step towards describing the multiplication map in a Kac-Moody group in terms of Iwasawa coordinates. Our method involves a detailed analysis of the geometry of Weyl group orbits in the Cartan subalgebra of a real Kac-Moody algebra. It provides an alternative proof of Kostant convexity for semisimple Lie groups and also generalizes a linear analogue of Kostant's theorem for Kac-Moody algebras that has been established by Kac and Peterson in 1984.

**Related project(s):****61**At infinity of symmetric spaces

A singular foliation \(\mathcal{F}\) on a complete Riemannian manifold \(M\) is called Singular Riemannian foliation (SRF for short) if its leaves are locally equidistant, e.g., the partition of *M* into orbits of an isometric action. In this paper, we investigate variational problems in compact Riemannian manifolds equipped with SRF with special properties, e.g. isoparametric foliations, SRF on fibers bundles with Sasaki metric, and orbit-like foliations. More precisely, we prove two results analogous to Palais' Principle of Symmetric Criticality, one is a general principle for \(\mathcal{F}\) symmetric operators on the Hilbert space \(W^{1,2}(M)\), the other one is for \(\mathcal{F}\) symmetric integral operators on the Banach spaces \(W^{1,p}(M)\). These results together with a \(\mathcal{F}\) version of Rellich Kondrachov Hebey Vaugon Embedding Theorem allow us to circumvent difficulties with Sobolev's critical exponents when considering applications of Calculus of Variations to find solutions to PDEs. To exemplify this we prove the existence of weak solutions to a class of variational problems which includes \(p\)-Kirschoff problems.

**Related project(s):****43**Singular Riemannian foliations and collapse

We study obstructions to the existence of Riemannian metrics of positive scalar curvature on closed smooth manifolds arising from torsion classes in the integral homology of their fundamental groups. As an application, we construct new examples of manifolds which do not admit positive scalar curvature metrics, but whose Cartesian products admit such metrics.

**Related project(s):****52**Spaces and Moduli Spaces of Riemannian Metrics with Curvature Bounds on compact and non-compact Manifolds II

We consider a geodesic billiard system consisting of a complete Riemannian manifold and an obstacle submanifold with boundary at which the trajectories of the geodesic flow experience specular reflections. We show that if the geodesic billiard system is hyperbolic on its trapped set and the latter is compact and non-grazing the techniques for open hyperbolic systems developed by Dyatlov and Guillarmou can be applied to a smooth model for the discontinuous flow defined by the non-grazing billiard trajectories. This allows us to obtain a meromorphic resolvent for the generator of the billiard flow. As an application we prove a meromorphic continuation of weighted zeta functions together with explicit residue formulae. In particular, our results apply to scattering by convex obstacles in the Euclidean plane.

Journal | Ann. Henri Poincaré |

Publisher | Springer |

Link to preprint version | |

Link to published version |

**Related project(s):****65**Resonances for non-compact locally symmetric spaces

We use the language of proper CAT(-1) spaces to study thick, locally compact trees, the real, complex and quaternionic hyperbolic spaces and the hyperbolic plane over the octonions. These are rank 1 Euclidean buildings, respectively rank 1 symmetric spaces of non-compact type. We give a uniform proof that these spaces may be reconstructed using the cross ratio on their visual boundary, bringing together the work of Tits and Bourdon.

**Related project(s):****62**A unified approach to Euclidean buildings and symmetric spaces of noncompact type

Reidemeister numbers of group automorphisms encode the number of twisted conjugacy classes of groups and might yield information about self-maps of spaces related to the given objects. Here we address a question posed by Gonçalves and Wong in the mid 2000s: we construct an infinite series of compact connected solvmanifolds (that are not nilmanifolds) of strictly increasing dimensions and all of whose self-homotopy equivalences have vanishing Nielsen number. To this end, we establish a sufficient condition for a prominent (infinite) family of soluble linear groups to have the so-called property *R*∞. In particular, we generalize or complement earlier results due to Dekimpe, Gonçalves, Kochloukova, Nasybullov, Taback, Tertooy, Van den Bussche, and Wong, showing that many soluble *S*-arithmetic groups have *R*∞ and suggesting a conjecture in this direction.

**Related project(s):****62**A unified approach to Euclidean buildings and symmetric spaces of noncompact type

In this paper we introduce the galaxy of Coxeter groups -- an infinite dimensional, locally finite, ranked simplicial complex which captures isomorphisms between Coxeter systems. In doing so, we would like to suggest a new framework to study the isomorphism problem for Coxeter groups. We prove some structural results about this space, provide a full characterization in small ranks and propose many questions. In addition we survey known tools, results and conjectures. Along the way we show profinite rigidity of triangle Coxeter groups -- a result which is possibly of independent interest.

Journal | Journal of Algebra |

Link to preprint version |

**Related project(s):****62**A unified approach to Euclidean buildings and symmetric spaces of noncompact type

We show that if one of various cycle types occurs in the permutation action of a finite group on the cosets of a given subgroup, then every almost conjugate subgroup is conjugate. As a number theoretic application, corresponding decomposition types of primes effect that a number field is determined by the Dedekind zeta function. As a geometric application, coverings of Riemannian manifolds with certain geodesic lifting behaviors must be isometric.

**Related project(s):****58**Profinite perspectives on l2-cohomology

We extend the K-cowaist inequality to generalized Dirac operators in the sense of Gromov and Lawson and study applications to manifolds with boundary.

**Related project(s):****37**Boundary value problems and index theory on Riemannian and Lorentzian manifolds**52**Spaces and Moduli Spaces of Riemannian Metrics with Curvature Bounds on compact and non-compact Manifolds II

Kac-Moody symmetric spaces have been introduced by Freyn, Hartnick, Horn and the first-named author for centered Kac-Moody groups, that is, Kac-Moody groups that are generated by their root subgroups. In the case of non-invertible generalized Cartan matrices this leads to complications that -- within the approach proposed originally -- cannot be repaired in the affine case. In the present article we propose an alternative approach to Kac-Moody symmetric spaces which for invertible generalized Cartan matrices provides exactly the same concept, which for the non-affine non-invertible case provides alternative Kac-Moody symmetric spaces, and which finally provides Kac-Moody symmetric spaces for affine Kac-Moody groups. In a nutshell, the original intention by Freyn, Hartnick, Horn and Köhl was to construct symmetric spaces that likely lead to primitive actions of the Kac-Moody groups; this, of course, cannot work in the affine case as affine Kac-Moody groups are far from simple.

**Related project(s):****61**At infinity of symmetric spaces

We determine the fundamental groups of symmetrizable algebraically simply connected split real Kac-Moody groups endowed with the Kac-Peterson topology. In analogy to the finite-dimensional situation, the Iwasawa decomposition *G*=*K**A**U* provides a weak homotopy equivalence between *K* and *G*, implying *π*1(*G*)=*π*1(*K*). It thus suffices to determine *π*1(*K*) which we achieve by investigating the fundamental groups of generalized flag varieties. Our results apply in all cases in which the Bruhat decomposition of the generalized flag variety is a CW decomposition − in particular, we cover the complete symmetrizable situation; the result concerning the structure of *π*1(*K*) more generally also holds in the non-symmetrizable two-spherical situation.

Journal | Transformation Groups |

Volume | 28 |

Pages | 769–802 |

Link to preprint version | |

Link to published version |

**Related project(s):****61**At infinity of symmetric spaces

In the 1970s, Williams developed an algorithm that has been used to construct modular links. We introduce the notion of bunches to provide a more efficient algorithm for constructing modular links in the Lorenz template. Using the bunch perspective, we construct parent manifolds for modular link complements and provide the first upper volume bound that is independent of word exponents and quadratic in the braid index. We find families of modular knot complements with upper volume bounds that are linear in the braid index. A classification of modular link complements based on the relative magnitudes of word exponents is also presented.

**Related project(s):****38**Geometry of surface homeomorphism groups

very oriented closed geodesic on the modular surface has a canonically associated knot in its unit tangent bundle coming from the periodic orbit of the geodesic flow. We study the volume of the associated knot complement with respect to its unique complete hyperbolic metric. We show that there exist sequences of closed geodesics for which this volume is bounded linearly in terms of the period of the geodesic's continued fraction expansion. Consequently, we give a volume's upper bound for some sequences of Lorenz knots complements, linearly in terms of the corresponding braid index. Also, for any punctured hyperbolic surface we give volume's bounds for the canonical lift complement relative to some sequences of sets of closed geodesics in terms of the geodesics length.

Journal | J. Knot Theory and its Ramifications |

Link to preprint version | |

Link to published version |

**Related project(s):****38**Geometry of surface homeomorphism groups

We show that a singular Riemannian foliation of codimension two on a compact simply-connected Riemannian (*????*+2)-manifold, with regular leaves homeomorphic to the *n*-torus, is given by a smooth effective *n*-torus action. This solves in the negative for the codimension 2 case a question about the existence of foliations by exotic tori on simply-connected manifolds.

Journal | Mathematische Zeitschrift |

Publisher | Springer |

Volume | 304 |

Link to preprint version | |

Link to published version |

**Related project(s):****43**Singular Riemannian foliations and collapse

We construct a sequence of geodesics on the modular surface such that the complement of the canonical lifts to the unit tangent bundle are arithmetic 3-manifolds.

**Related project(s):****38**Geometry of surface homeomorphism groups