## Publications of SPP2026

On this site you find preprints and publications produced within the projects and with the support of the DFG priority programme „Geometry at Infinity“.

We prove that a minimal disc in a CAT(0) space is a local embedding away from a finite set of "branch points". On the way we establish several basic properties of minimal surfaces: monotonicity of area densities, density bounds, limit theorems and the existence of tangent maps.

As an application, we prove Fary-Milnor's theorem in the CAT(0) setting.

Journal | J. Eur. Math. Soc. |

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**Related project(s):****24**Minimal surfaces in metric spaces

We prove an analog of Schoen-Yau univalentness theorem for saddle maps between discs.

Journal | Geom. Dedicata |

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**Related project(s):****24**Minimal surfaces in metric spaces

Journal | Anal. Math. Phys. |

Publisher | Birkhäuser |

Book | 8 |

Volume | 4 |

Pages | 493-520 |

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**Related project(s):****6**Spectral Analysis of Sub-Riemannian Structures

We extend the notion of Hitchin component from surface groups to orbifold groups and prove that this gives new examples of higher Teichmüller spaces. We show that the Hitchin component of an orbifold group is homeomorphic to an open ball and we compute its dimension explicitly. We then give applications to the study of the pressure metric, cyclic Higgs bundles, and the deformation theory of real projective structures on 3-manifolds.

Journal | Journal of the European Mathematical Society |

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**Related project(s):****1**Hitchin components for orbifolds

We propose a new foliation of asymptotically Euclidean initial data sets by 2-spheres of constant spacetime mean curvature (STCMC). The leaves of the foliation have the STCMC-property regardless of the initial data set in which the foliation is constructed which asserts that there is a plethora of STCMC 2-spheres in a neighborhood of spatial infinity of any asymptotically flat spacetime. The STCMC-foliation can be understood as a covariant relativistic generalization of the CMC-foliation suggested by Huisken and Yau. We show that a unique STCMC-foliation exists near infinity of any asymptotically Euclidean initial data set with non-vanishing energy which allows for the definition of a new notion of total center of mass for isolated systems. This STCMC-center of mass transforms equivariantly under the asymptotic Poincaré group of the ambient spacetime and in particular evolves under the Einstein evolution equations like a point particle in Special Relativity. The new definition also remedies subtle deficiencies in the CMC-approach to defining the total center of mass suggested by Huisken and Yau which were described by Cederbaum and Nerz.

Journal | Calc. Var. PDE (accepted) |

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**Related project(s):****5**Index theory on Lorentzian manifolds

In this paper we study non-negatively curved and rationally elliptic GKM4 manifolds and orbifolds. We show that their rational cohomology rings are isomorphic to the rational cohomology of certain model orbifolds. These models are quotients of isometric actions of finite groups on non-negatively curved torus orbifolds.

Moreover, we give a simplified proof of a characterisation of products of simplices among orbit spaces of locally standard torus manifolds. This characterisation was originally proved in [Wiemeler, Torus manifolds and non-negative curvature, arXiv:1401.0403] and was used there to obtain a classification of non-negatively curved torus manifolds.

**Related project(s):****15**Spaces and Moduli Spaces of Riemannian Metrics with Curvature Bounds on compact and non-compact Manifolds

The purpose of this article is to define and study new invariants of topological spaces: the *p*-adic Betti numbers and the *p*-adic torsion. These invariants take values in the *p*-adic numbers and are constructed from a virtual pro-*p* completion of the fundamental group. The key result of the article is an approximation theorem which shows that the *p*-adic invariants are limits of their classical analogues. This is reminiscent of Lück's approximation theorem for *L*2-Betti numbers.

After an investigation of basic properties and examples we discuss the *p*-adic analog of the Atiyah conjecture: When do the *p*-adic Betti numbers take integer values? We establish this property for a class of spaces and discuss applications to cohomology growth.

**Related project(s):****18**Analytic L2-invariants of non-positively curved spaces**58**Profinite perspectives on l2-cohomology

We enlarge the category of bornological coarse spaces by adding transfer morphisms and introduce the notion of an equivariant coarse homology theory with transfers. We then show that equivariant coarse algebraic K-homology and equivariant coarse ordinary homology can be extended to equivariant coarse homology theories with transfers. In the case of a finite group we observe that equivariant coarse homology theories with transfers provide Mackey functors. We express standard constructions with Mackey functors in terms of coarse geometry, and we demonstrate the usage of transfers in order to prove injectivity results about assembly maps.

**Related project(s):****10**Duality and the coarse assembly map

We show injectivity results for assembly maps using equivariant coarse homology theories with transfers. Our method is based on the descent principle and applies to a large class of linear groups or, more general, groups with finite decomposition complexity.

**Related project(s):****10**Duality and the coarse assembly map

In this article, we interpret affine Anosov representations of any word hyperbolic group in \(\mathsf{SO}_0(n−1,n)⋉\mathbb{R}^{2n−1}\) as infinitesimal versions of representations of word hyperbolic groups in \(\mathsf{SO}_0(n,n)\) which are both Anosov in \(\mathsf{SO}_0(n,n)\) with respect to the stabilizer of an oriented (*n*−1)-dimensional isotropic plane and Anosov in \(\mathsf{SL}(2n,\mathbb{R})\) with respect to the stabilizer of an oriented *n*-dimensional plane. Moreover, we show that representations of word hyperbolic groups in \(\mathsf{SO}_0(n,n)\) which are Anosov in \(\mathsf{SO}_0(n,n)\) with respect to the stabilizer of an oriented (*n*−1)-dimensional isotropic plane, are Anosov in \(\mathsf{SL}(2n,\mathbb{R})\) with respect to the stabilizer of an oriented *n*-dimensional plane if and only if its action on \(\mathsf{SO}_0(n,n)/\mathsf{SO}_0(n-1,n)\) is proper. In the process, we also provide various different interpretations of the Margulis invariant.

**Related project(s):****12**Anosov representations and Margulis spacetimes

We construct a Baum--Connes assembly map localised at the unit element of a discrete group $\Gamma$.

This morphism, called $\mu_\tau$, is defined in $KK$-theory with coefficients in $\mathbb{R}$ by means of the action of the projection $[\tau]\in KK_\mathbb{R}^\Gamma(\mathbb{C},\mathbb{C})$ canonically associated to the group trace of $\Gamma$. The right hand side of $\mu_\tau$ is functorial with respect to the group $\Gamma$.

We show that the corresponding $\tau$-Baum--Connes conjecture is weaker then the classical one but still implies the strong Novikov conjecture.

Journal | to appear on Compositio Mathematica |

Link to preprint version |

**Related project(s):****4**Secondary invariants for foliations

It is observed that in Banach spaces, sectorial operators having bounded imaginary powers satisfy a Heinz-Kato inequality.

Journal | J. Anal. 28, no. 3, 841-846 (2020) |

Link to preprint version |

**Related project(s):****30**Nonlinear evolution equations on singular manifolds

We consider the unnormalized Yamabe flow on manifolds with conical singularities. Under certain geometric assumption on the initial cross-section we show well posedness of the short time solution in the \(L^q\)-setting. Moreover, we give a picture of the deformation of the conical tips under the flow by providing an asymptotic expansion of the evolving metric close to the boundary in terms of the initial local geometry. Due to the blow up of the scalar curvature close to the singularities we use maximal \(L^q\)-regularity theory for conically degenerate operators.

Journal | J. Evol. Equ. 20, no. 2, 321-334 (2020) |

Link to preprint version |

**Related project(s):****30**Nonlinear evolution equations on singular manifolds

We consider a generalized Dirac operator on a compact stratified space with an iterated cone-edge metric. Assuming a spectral Witt condition, we prove its essential self-adjointness and identify its domain and the domain of its square with weighted edge Sobolev spaces. This sharpens previous results where the minimal domain is shown only to be a subset of an intersection of weighted edge Sobolev spaces. Our argument does not rely on microlocal techniques and is very explicit. The novelty of our approach is the use of an abstract functional analytic notion of interpolation scales. Our results hold for the Gauss-Bonnet and spin Dirac operators satisfying a spectral Witt condition.

Journal | JOURNAL OF SPECTRAL THEORY |

Volume | Volume 8, Issue 4, 2018, pp. 1295–1348 |

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**Related project(s):****23**Spectral geometry, index theory and geometric flows on singular spaces

Let (M,g) be a compact smoothly stratified pseudomanifold with an iterated cone-edge metric satisfying a spectral Witt condition. Under these assumptions the Hodge-Laplacian Δ is essentially self-adjoint. We establish the asymptotic expansion for the resolvent trace of Δ. Our method proceeds by induction on the depth and applies in principle to a larger class of second-order differential operators of regular-singular type, e.g., Dirac Laplacians. Our arguments are functional analytic, do not rely on microlocal techniques and are very explicit. The results of this paper provide a basis for studying index theory and spectral invariants in the setting of smoothly stratified spaces and in particular allow for the definition of zeta-determinants and analytic torsion in this general setup.

**Related project(s):****23**Spectral geometry, index theory and geometric flows on singular spaces

We provide a large class of discrete amenable groups for which the complex group ring has several C*-completions, thus providing partial evidence towards a positive answer to a question raised by Rostislav Grigorchuk, Magdalena Musat and Mikael Rørdam.

**Related project(s):****2**Asymptotic geometry of sofic groups and manifolds

We give the definition of an invariant random positive definite function on a discrete group, generalizing both the notion of an invariant random subgroup and a character. We use von Neumann algebras to show that all invariant random positive definite functions on groups with infinite conjugacy classes which integrate to the regular character are constant.

**Related project(s):****2**Asymptotic geometry of sofic groups and manifolds

On a compact globally hyperbolic Lorentzian spin manifold with smooth spacelike Cauchy boundary the (hyperbolic) Dirac operator is known to be Fredholm when Atiyah-Patodi-Singer boundary conditions are imposed. In this paper we investigate to what extent these boundary conditions can be replaced by more general ones and how the index then changes. There are some differences to the classical case of the elliptic Dirac operator on a Riemannian manifold with boundary.

Publisher | Oxford University Press |

Book | A. Dancer, J.E. Andersen, O. García-Prada (eds.): Geometry and Physics |

Volume | 1 |

Pages | 3-18 |

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**Related project(s):****5**Index theory on Lorentzian manifolds

We develop an algebro-analytic framework for the systematic study of the continuous bounded cohomology of Lie groups in large degree. As an application, we examine the continuous bounded cohomology of PSL(2,R) with trivial real coefficients in all degrees greater than two. We prove a vanishing result for strongly reducible classes, thus providing further evidence for a conjecture of Monod. On the cochain level, our method yields explicit formulas for cohomological primitives of arbitrary bounded cocycles.

Journal | Journal of Topology and Analysis |

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**Related project(s):****27**Invariants and boundaries of spaces

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold and $G$ a compact Lie group acting on $M$ effectively and by isometries. It is well known that a lower bound of the sectional curvature of $(M,g)$ is again a bound for the curvature of the quotient space, which is an Alexandrov space of curvature bounded below. Moreover, the analogous stability property holds for metric foliations and submersions.

The goal of the paper is to prove the corresponding stability properties for synthetic Ricci curvature lower bounds. Specifically, we show that such stability holds for quotients of $RCD^{*}(K,N)$-spaces, under isomorphic compact group actions and more generally under metric-measure foliations and submetries. An $RCD^{*}(K,N)$-space is a metric measure space with an upper dimension bound $N$ and weighted Ricci curvature bounded below by $K$ in a generalized sense. In particular, this shows that if $(M,g)$ has Ricci curvature bounded below by $K\in \mathbb{R}$ and dimension $N$, then the quotient space is an $RCD^{*}(K,N)$-space. Additionally, we tackle the same problem for the $CD/CD^*$ and $MCP$ curvature-dimension conditions.

We provide as well geometric applications which include: A generalization of Kobayashi's Classification Theorem of homogenous manifolds to $RCD^{*}(K,N)$-spaces with \emph{essential minimal dimension} $n\leq N$; a structure theorem for $RCD^{*}(K,N)$-spaces admitting actions by \emph{large (compact) groups}; and geometric rigidity results for orbifolds such as Cheng's Maximal Diameter and Maximal Volume Rigidity Theorems.

Finally, in two appendices we apply the methods of the paper to study quotients by isometric group actions of discrete spaces and of (super-)Ricci flows.

Journal | J. Funct. Anal. |

Publisher | Elsevier |

Volume | 275 |

Pages | 1368-1446 |

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**Related project(s):****11**Topological and equivariant rigidity in the presence of lower curvature bounds